Neurostimulation uses an almost imperceptible electric current of low intensity, which stimulates or inhibits selected areas of the brain, affecting its neuroplasticity. Neurostimulation is used e.g. in the treatment of depression, migraine, Parkinson’s disease, and research into neurodegenerative diseases and brain anomalies.
In recent years, neurological rehabilitation has been using more and more modern technological solutions based on brain research related to neuroplastic processes. Brain stimulation methods are recognized in the treatment of depression, schizophrenia, Parkinson’s disease, as well as in post-stroke rehabilitation. Combined with properly conducted therapy by a specialist, they can lead to permanent changes in the functioning of the brain. Brain-computer interfaces, in turn, find application in post-stroke motor rehabilitation, alternative communication, as well as in supporting communication and assessing the condition of people with consciousness disorders.
Neuroscience is all methods of imaging and measuring brain activity. The name applies to an entire group of research on the nervous system. Its current very rapid development results from the implementation of neuroscientific discoveries in marketing, automation, robotics, ergonomics, driver research and alternative communication.
Functional magnetic resonance imaging is considered to be a completely safe method of examining the functioning of the nervous system. It shows with high accuracy which regions of the brain are involved in the task performed by the examined person. Extending the resonance test with biosignals may allow the monitoring of the patient’s condition (e.g. emotional or muscular arousal) or even the degree of their involvement in the experiment. MRI is used, among others in observing the progress of treatment of neurodegenerative diseases, anomalies and tumors.